Industrial zones are designed to accommodate industrial facilities of various hazard classes. In production zones, it is allowed to place objects of transport and logistics, warehouse purposes and engineering infrastructure, as well as objects of public and business development related to the maintenance of this zone. In total, 19 thousand hectares, or 13.6% of the total area of the city, belong to industrial lands in St. Petersburg.
The legal status of the industrial zones of the city is fixed by the General Plan of St. Petersburg and the Rules of Land Use and Development of St. Petersburg. Currently, there are more than 50 large industrial zones in the city, spread over almost all districts of the city with a total area of 15,633 hectares.
According to approximate estimates, at the moment the city reserve for industrial development is about 300 hectares. First of all, these are land plots owned by St. Petersburg and located in industrial zones of the city with an area of up to 20 hectares. The rest of the reserve is represented in the form of dispersed land plots across the territories of industrial zones of St. Petersburg. The largest reserves for industrial development are private land located in the south of the city. These are former agricultural shares, privatized by agricultural enterprises and currently transferred by the General Plan of St. Petersburg to industrial lands. Basically, these land plots have not been developed.
The implementation of measures for the development of production zones is carried out by the Committee for Industrial Policy and Innovation of St. Petersburg and the St. Petersburg State state Institution subordinate to it, the City Agency for Industrial Investment. The Committee for Industrial Policy and Innovation of St. Petersburg applies an integrated approach to the development of territories, in which the city assumes obligations for urban planning and engineering preparation of production sites. Currently, major infrastructure projects have been launched, within the framework of which work is being carried out on complex engineering and transport preparation of sites.
advantages for residents of industrial zones
The division of production zones into different types of territorial zoning is a cluster policy of the city. The cluster policy contributes to the growth of business competitiveness due to the effective interaction of cluster participants associated with their geographically close location, expanding access to innovations, technologies, know-how, specialized services and highly qualified personnel, reducing transaction costs, as well as the implementation of joint cooperation projects, which leads to an increase in the level of investment attractiveness of the region.
Investment attractiveness of industrial zones
The investment attractiveness of industrial zones is formed based on the following main criteria:
- availability of free territories
- availability of documentation on the layout of the territory
- the development of transport infrastructure for business and for the population
- the degree of development of engineering infrastructure (including in the medium term)
- development of the territory by business
- the presence of large companies and production facilities on the territory of the production zone
- implementation of large investment projects on the territory of the production zone